Ethanol is an organic compound with the formula C2H5OH, also known as alcohol. It is a colorless, weakly liquor-smelling liquid that is soluble in water and most organic solvents.
Ethanol is the most common alcohol, and it is one of the main components produced during fermentation. This fermentation typically uses starch, sugar, and other carbon-containing compounds. Ethanol can also be manufactured through petrochemical processes.
Ethanol has certain uses in medicine, such as as being used as an anesthetic and fungicide. It can also be used as a fuel because it produces less carbon dioxide than alkanes when burned and is less polluting to the environment. The combustion of ethanol can also be used to produce thermal and power energy, such as ethanol engines.
Ethanol is also a widely used solvent used to make products such as coatings, cleaners, paints, dyes, pharmaceuticals, and fragrances. In addition, ethanol can also be used to make vinyl acetate, acetaldehyde and other organic compounds.
Although ethanol has many beneficial uses, it also has some negative effects. Excessive consumption of ethanol can lead to drunkenness and alcoholism, and in severe cases, life-threatening. In addition, ethanol can also have negative effects on the human body, such as damage to liver and nervous system function.
In general, ethanol has a wide range of applications in many industries and fields, but it is necessary to be aware of its potential risks and negative effects when using it.